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This paper gives an overview of Personal Name Matching. Personal
name matching is of great importance for all applications that deal
with personal names. The problem with personal names is that they
are not unique and sometimes even for one name many variations
exist. This leads to the fact that databases on the one hand may
have several entries for one and the same person and on the other
hand have one entry for many different persons. For the evaluation
of Personal Name Matching algorithms test collections are of great
importance. Therefore existing test collections are outlined and three
new test collections, based on real world bibliographic data, presented.
Additionally state-of-the art techniques as well as a new approach
based on semantics are described.